When we believe of mushrooms and the southern Mexico state of Oaxaca, the initial issue which traditionally will come to mind is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But slowly and gradually that’s all modifying as a result of the groundbreaking function of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, through their organization, Mico-lógica.
Based in the village of Benito Juárez, found in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (more typically identified as the Sierra Norte, the state’s principal ecotourism location), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to prepare both Mexicans and site visitors to the nation in the low-cost cultivation of a range of mushroom species to educate about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) benefit of mushrooms and to carry out ongoing analysis regarding the best possible climatic areas and the variety of substrata for mushroom culture.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in fact to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Indeed, coming all the way to Mexico from France to go after my curiosity in mushrooms looks like a extended way to vacation,” Mathieu described in a recent job interview in Oaxaca. “But there truly was not significantly of an chance to conduct research and develop a enterprise in Western Europe,” he carries on, “since reverence for mushrooms had been all but completely eradicated by The Church more than the course of generations and I uncovered that Mexico nevertheless maintains a regard and appreciation for the medicinal and nutritional value of hongos. Mexico is significantly from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is far more than a 5 hour travel from the closest metropolitan heart. Accordingly, Mathieu eventually recognized that remaining in Huautla, although keeping an historic attract and becoming in a geographic location conducive to working with mushrooms, would hinder his initiatives to develop a company and cultivate popular fascination in understanding about fungi. Mathieu became cognizant of the burgeoning reputation of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held each year in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu satisfied Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom celebration. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Town in 2002. The two shared comparable pursuits Jiménez had examined agronomy, and for near to a decade had been working with sustainable agriculture projects in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez became enterprise, and then lifestyle companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on a few mushroom species in their hands-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-working day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also instructing a truthful bit about the medicinal makes use of of mushrooms, so a lot more time is essential,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it really is predominantly [but not completely] a system on cultivation.”
Even though coaching seminars are now only offered in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez prepare to grow functions to incorporate each the central valleys and coastal areas of Oaxaca. The object is to have a community of producers developing distinct mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation dependent on the distinct microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and hence as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to various climatic regions is impressive. “The oyster can be developed in a multitude of different substrata, and that’s what we are experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when grown on items which would or else be squander, this sort of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (like the fibrous squander created in mezcal distillation), peas, the typical river reed acknowledged as carriso, sawdust, and the listing goes on. Agricultural waste which may possibly normally be left to rot or be burned, every single with adverse environmental implications, can sort substrata for mushroom cultivation. It must be noted, however trite, that mushroom cultivation is a highly sustainable, green industry. In excess of the past many many years Mexico has in simple fact been at the fore in a lot of regions of sustainable business.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even higher environmental good:
“They can hold up to thirty thousand instances their mass, getting implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been utilised to thoroughly clean up oil spills via absorption and thus are an essential car for habitat restoration. Investigation has been accomplished with mushrooms in the struggle against carpenter ant destruction it’s been recommended that the use of fungi has the prospective to fully revamp the pesticide business in an environmentally friendly way. There are practically hundreds of other eco-pleasant applications for mushroom use, and in each case the mushroom stays an edible by-product. Consider a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Ways Mushrooms Can Conserve The Planet.”
www.buymyshroomonline.ca and Jiménez can usually be found offering their products on weekends in the organic and natural markets in Oaxaca. They’re both a lot more than happy to talk about the dietary benefit of their merchandise which range from by natural means their fresh mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with possibly chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can not be found in fruits or vegetables, and accordingly a diet plan which includes fungi is very crucial for vegetarians who are not able to get B12, most frequently contained in meats. Mushrooms can simply be a substitute for meats, with the edge that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones typically identified in industrially processed meat goods.
Mico-lógica also offer teas and extracts created from distinct mushroom species, each formulated as either a dietary complement, or for their medicinal homes. While neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological history to prescribe mycological treatment for severe conditions, Mathieu’s possess study points to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-history, to the present. He notes homes of mushrooms which can assist to restore the immune system, and hence the use of fungi as a complement in the treatment of cancer and AIDS, and their utility in controlling diabetes and dealing with substantial cholesterol.
“We need to all be embracing the organic and natural manufacturing of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It is so effortless, it entails a nominal money investment, and it supplies substantial rewards, equally for these ingesting hongos for nutritional and medicinal reasons, and for the producers, even little scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Yet most of the dried mushrooms bought in Mexico are imported from China, and are not organic. It is a actual shame on several ranges.”