The Arizona Medical Marijuana Act goes into impact on April 15, 2011. The Act permits a “qualifying patient” with a “debilitating healthcare condition” to obtain a registry identification card from the Arizona Department of Overall health Solutions (ADHS). Cardholders can receive an allowable amount of marijuana from a registered non-profit medical marijuana dispensary and use the marijuana to treat or alleviate certain health-related circumstances. A “qualifying patient” has to be diagnosed by, and acquire written certification from a physician. The Arizona law does not alter marijuana’s status as an illegal drug under federal law.

The Arizona Health-related Marijuana Act is now included in the Arizona laws as A.R.S. 36-2801 et seq. The ADHS is the designated agency that has been assigned to produce, adopt and enforce a regulatory program for the distribution of marijuana for health-related use, the setting up of approved dispensaries and the issuance of identification cards.

How does the Arizona Health-related Marijuana Act impact employers? Employers cannot discriminate against a individual in hiring, terminating or imposing any term or situation of employment or otherwise penalize a particular person primarily based on either (1) the person’s status as a cardholder, or (2) a registered qualifying patient’s positive drug test for marijuana elements or metabolites, unless the patient employed, possessed or was impaired by marijuana on the premises of the place of employment or for the duration of the hours of employment.


While only a qualifying patient may well use health-related marijuana, other folks may well also be cardholders topic to protection from discrimination like (1) the qualifying patient, (two) a designated caregiver or (3) an authorized non-profit healthcare marijuana dispensary agent.

The Act does generate two restricted exceptions to anti-discrimination provisions. Initially, there is an exception for employers who would, “lose a monetary or licensing related advantage under federal law or regulations.” Second, an employer is not needed to employ or continue to employ a registered qualifying patient who tests good for marijuana if the patient utilised the marijuana on the employer’s premises or during hours of employment.

The Act does not allow employees to use marijuana at the workplace or throughout function hours. The Act does not authorize any person to undertake any process under the influence of marijuana that would constitute negligence or experienced malpractice. The Act specifically forbids any particular person to operate motor automobiles who could be impaired by adequate amounts of marijuana elements or metabolites. Thus, employers may still take action against personnel who use marijuana in the workplace or who function below the influence of marijuana.

Several of you could be asking your self, “Can’t marijuana be detected in urine tests for numerous days and even a number of weeks?” The answer is “yes,” on the other hand, the law reads, “the registered qualifying patient shall not be thought of to be below the influence of marijuana solely mainly because of the presence of metabolites or components of marijuana that appear in insufficient concentration to trigger impairment.” A.R.S. 36-2814(A)(three)

So how does an employer or the ADHS define impairment? Regrettably, the Act does not define “impairment” or “below the influence.” Based on the statute, the mere presence of some level of metabolites or components of marijuana in the system is not sufficient. Employers will have to turn out to be a lot more astute at recognizing and documenting behaviors and indicators of marijuana impairment.

Fortunately, for Buy hash , Arizona primarily based employer organizations such as the Greater Phoenix Chamber of Commerce, approached the Arizona State Legislature concerning the vague and ambiguous language relating to “impairment.” This prompted the State Home of Representatives to present and pass House Bill 2541 which essentially allows employers to make use of comparable recommendations that are identified in “reasonable suspicion” policies. The bill has been sent to the State Senate for a vote (watch our weblog for the outcome).

The greatest practices approach for any business is to have in spot a drug and alcohol policy that incorporates at a minimum “post accident” and “reasonable suspicion” testing. The other sorts of drug testing include things like pre-employment and random. Employers have to have to document any observed conduct, behavior or look that is seemingly altering the employee’s job efficiency or endangering other people in the workplace.

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